What Is Dyslexia?

Reading is difficult. Our minds need to combine letters to sounds, then place those sounds in the correct order and unit the words together to get sentences and paragraphs so that we can read and understand. Dyslexia affected individuals have difficulty connecting the letters that they see on the screen with the sounds made by individuals & a mixture of letters. And when the initial step is troublesome, the further steps go more challenging for them.

The children and adults with dyslexia fail to spell & read words accurately & fluently. And also, they have to struggle to learn any second or third language. But their overall abilities and intellect have no relation with such obstacles. Such people prove their skills by taking dyslexia as a challenge by facing continuous reading difficulty and learning to read. Despite being poor learners, dyslexic people have a creative mind; they often give a rapid point with valid reasons.

Dyslexia or learning disorder is very usual and is often found in children. The studies have given various reasons and explanations that why people face reading difficulty. As per the studies, dyslexia affects about 20% of the overall population and constitutes 80-90% of all difficulty learning. Moreover, they say that dyslexia is permanent and cannot be healed, but if such people get the right care & support, they can become extremely competent students.

Background of Dyslexia

A psychiatrist of Sussex, England, wrote the first story about the human disability of learning that came to be recognized as developmental dyslexia. Dr. W. Pringle Morgan caught the mystery in that brief introduction. And that summary has captivated scientists for a century since the intense and enduring challenges confronting some brilliant people in learning to read.

Signs of Dyslexia

It has no specific age limit; dyslexia symptoms in children can be seen as early as preschool. It can be seen even if you are a parent or a teacher. Dyslexia disorder can run in families. It often can be a family history of problems with reading and spelling. To find out the learning disorder or dyslexia in an individual, here are a few signs that you should look for:

Kids in Nursery Years

  • Difficulty to recognize and recall alphabetic letter names
  • Mispronounce common baby talk words
  • ¬†Unable to understand their own names’ letters
  • Can’t remember the cat, bat, rodent, rhyming patterns
  • Difficulty to get the familiar rhymes in preschools, such as Jack and Jill.
  • Family history of learning disorder

Dyslexia in the Schools

Kids in Kindergarten & 1st Grade

  • They make such reading errors with no relation to the letter sound, such as the word “dog” with its image page; they will respond “puppy”.
  • Don’t understand the difference of words.
  • They often complain that reading is hard while reading.
  • They get confused between the letters “b” & “d
  • They feel hard to sound out an elementary term like a cat, map, nap, etc..”
  • Even they can’t correlate letters with their exact sounds.
  • Family history of learning disorder

Despite learning disorders, these kids have great creativity, interest, and desire to work. Also, they are full of new ideas, concepts, and hidden maturity. They are very good at solving puzzles and building models. Moreover, they are the excellent interpretation of stories read or told to them.

Children in Second Grade in a Middle School

The trouble with Reading & Speaking

  • Their reading is inactive & embarrassing, and they are inferior in progressing their reading skills.
  • They can’t sound unfamiliar words & phrases and often make crazy guesses.
  • They have a lack of interest in reading and learning new words.
  • They are shy and avoid reading loudly.
  • They often look for single termed words finish using ambiguous vocabulary without naming the item, such as “thing” or “stuff,”
  • They hesitate while speaking and take a lot of pauses, and use “um’s.”
  • While speaking, they are always confused with similar sounding words, e.g., replacing “lotion” for “ocean, saying “tornado” for “volcano.”
  • They mispronounce unknown, long, or complicated words.
  • It takes them a much longer time to answer any question.

Other Difficulties in Life

  • They have difficulties in recalling names, dates, random lists, addresses, phone numbers, etc.
  • They always have exam fear and struggle to complete it on time.
  • Their handwriting is untidy, with poor spellings.
  • They face severe problems learning a second language.
  • Their confusion can easily highlight their insufficient self-esteem.

Despite all the above, they have excellent thinking abilities, conceptualization, logic, creativity, abstraction. They have a fair degree of awareness of what is being read to them. Moreover, they learn better done by meaning rather than rote memorization. Above all, they express a high level of interest in a specific field; for example, whether they enjoy cooking, they will read food magazines and cookbooks.

Young Adults & Adults

The trouble with Reading & Speaking

  • They might have reading & spelling difficulties due to childhood.
  • They rarely read for fun and avoid reading loudly.
  • The oral language issues of their past still remain. Such as, smoothness and a loss of fluency, repeated use of “um’s” and incorrect language, and overall distress while speaking.
  • They sometimes wrongly pronounce the names of persons and locations and confounding words that sound identical.
  • They have less speaking vocabulary than they learn.
  • They often avoid speaking words that could be mispronounced.

Other Difficulties in Life

  • They have fear and often think that others might feel they are stupid
  • Multiple-choice exams often penalize them.
  • They give away their social life for learning.
  • They suffer severe tiredness while reading.
  • They poorly perform rote administrative roles.

Despite all the above facts, they maintain all the attributes that have been noted throughout the school years. They have a high listening skill. Moreover, they present excellence in a highly specialized area, such as law, medicine, public policy, architecture, economics, or fundamental science. Nevertheless, they have high conceptualization skills and the capacity to come up with fresh perspicacity. Also, they have a desire to consider and see the great view outside of the box.

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